# UBC DG + MP + PDE Seminar: Fanze Kong

## Topic

Global existence and aggregation of chemotaxis-fluid systems in dimension two

## Details

To describe the cellular self-aggregation phenomenon, some strongly coupled PDEs named as Keller-Segel (KS) and Patlak-Keller-Segel (PKS) systems were proposed in 1970s. Since KS and PKS systems possess relatively simple structures but admit rich dynamics, plenty of scholars have studied them and obtained many significant results. However, the cells or bacteria in general direct their movement in liquid. As a consequence, it seems more realistic to consider the influence of ambient fluid flow on the chemotactic mechanism.

Motivated by this, He et al. (SIAM J. Math. Anal., Vol. 53, No. 3, 2021) proposed a coupled Patlak-Keller-Segel-Navier-Stokes system that features the effect of the friction induced by the cells on the ambient fluid flow. In their pioneer work, the global existence of solutions of such system in dimension two was established when the initial mass is strictly less than a threshold, which is referred to as the subcritical case. The last two authors and Zhou (Indiana Univ. Math. J., Vol. 72, No. 1, 2023) extended their result to the critical case. To our best knowledge, this system has only been studied in either the whole space or periodic domains.

In this paper, we take into account the boundary effect and consider the initial-boundary value problem of the coupled Patlak-Keller-Segel-Navier-Stokes system in two-dimensional bounded domains. The boundary conditions are Neumann conditions for the cell density and the chemical concentration, and the Navier slip boundary condition with zero friction for the fluid velocity. We prove that the solution of the system exists globally in time in the case of subcritical mass. Concerning the critical mass case, we construct the boundary spot steady states rigorously via the inner-outer gluing method.

While studying the global well-posedness and the concentration phenomenon of the chemotaxis-fluid model, we develop the global W^{2,p} theory for the 2D stationary Stokes system subject to Navier boundary conditions and further establish semigroup estimates of the nonstationary counterpart by analyzing the Stokes eigenvalue problem.

**Scientific, Seminar**

**September 21, 2023**

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