UA Math Biology Seminar: Jun Allard

  • Date: 11/15/2021
  • Time: 14:00
Lecturer(s):

Jun Allard

Associate Professor, Department of Mathematics, University of California - Irvine

Location: 

University of Alberta

Topic: 

The Stochastic Weighted Ensemble Method to Understand T Cell Receptor Activation

Description: 

The activation of T cells, key players of the immune system, involves local evacuation of molecules (phosphatases) from the nearby region of the cell surface, segregating them from the T cell receptor. What drives this evacuation? This phenomenon involves the Brownian motion of particles with stochastic rare events, the fluid dynamics of the thin layer of extracellular environment, and the polymer properties of the receptors. We use a computational rare event method called Weighted Ensemble and spatial stochastic particle-based simulation to study the surface motion of phosphatases. The method provides the ability to simulate a full range of rare events from (unphysiological) 300-year timescales down to 1-second timescales. Among other results, we find that oligomerization (attachment of multiple molecules together) leads to order-of-magnitude acceleration of evacuation. This provides a biological example in which an increase in stochastic correlations (with little change in stochastic amplitude) provides a functional benefit to the cell.

Other Information: 

This event is available in-person and online.

 

Time: 3PM Alberta/Mountain or 2PM Pacific

 

In-person location: 457 CAB, University of Alberta 

 

Online: See calendar for Zoom link and password.