Fluid Mechanics Seminar: Shankar Subramaniam

  • Date: 03/15/2018
  • Time: 15:45
Shankar Subramaniam, Iowa State University

University of British Columbia


Understanding Multiphase Flows for Predictive Modeling and Control


Multiphase flows are commonly encountered in nature and industrial applications. In nature for example, debris and ash from volcanic eruptions is a potential hazard to aviation, and the suspension of sand and dust poses serious consequences for operation of helicopters in brownout conditions. Human endeavors to secure a clean environment and sustainable sources of energy through carbon-neutral or carbon-negative technologies such as biofuel production, chemical looping combustion and CO2 capture are examples of gas-solid flows in the power generation industry. Predicting the behavior of multiphase flows and controlling them requires fundamental understanding of the underlying flow physics.


Gas–solid flows—the flow of a gas laden with inertial solid particles—are characterized by multiscale and nonlinear interactions that manifest as rich flow physics and pose unique modeling challenges. This talk will describe the use of particle–resolved direct numerical simulation (PR–DNS) of the microscale governing equations for understanding gas–solid flow physics and for obtaining quantitative information that leads to the development of statistical models. Selected recent insights into the physics of momentum, kinetic energy, and heat transfer in gas–solid flows obtained from PR–DNS will be highlighted. The CoMFRE research initiative at ISU aims to integrate these DNS-based models into predictive simulations for control of multiphase flow applications. 



Dr. Shankar Subramaniam is Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Iowa State University and Director of the College of Engineering research initiative CoMFRE: Multiphase Flow Research & Education. He received his B. Tech. in aeronautical engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay. He earned his PhD at Cornell University, subsequent to an MS in Aerospace Engineering at the University of Notre Dame. After his PhD he spent two years as a post-doctoral researcher at Los Alamos National Laboratory in the Theoretical Division’s Fluid Dynamics Group. Prior to joining the ISU faculty in 2002, Subramaniam was an assistant professor at Rutgers University. His areas of expertise are in theory, modeling and computation of turbulent, multiphase reactive flows (including sprays and gas-solid/particle-laden flows); modeling granular rheology; simulation of aggregation and clustering using molecular and Langevin/Brownian dynamics, and general statistical mechanical coarse-graining approaches. He is a recipient of the DOE Early Career Principal Investigator award. He received the Outstanding Paper Award at the 2010 International Conference on Multiphase Flow.

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Location: ESB 2012