Scientific Computation and Applied & Industrial Mathematics: Andy Wathen

  • Date: 09/06/2016
  • Time: 12:30
Andy Wathen, Oxford University

University of British Columbia


A preconditioner with guaranteed rapid convergence for nonsymmetric real Toeplitz systems and its application for time-dependent PDE problems


Descriptive convergence estimates or bounds for Krylov subspace iterative methods for nonsymmetric matrix systems are keenly desired but remain elusive. In the case of symmetric (self-adjoint) matrices, bounds based on eigenvalues can be usefully descriptive of observed convergence; an important consequence is that there are rigorous criteria for what constitutes a good preconditioner for symmetric matrices. For nonsymmetric matrices preconditioning must generally be heuristically motivated.

Such comments apply quite generally, however there is one class of nonsymmetric matrices for which we have recently been able to rigorously prove descriptive convergence bounds, namely real Toeplitz (constant diagonal) matrices. Our results apply regardless of non-normality or any `degree' of nonsymmetry.

Gil Strang proposed the use of circulant matrices (and the FFT) for preconditioning symmetric Toeplitz matrix systems in 1986 and there is now a well-developed theory which guarantees rapid convergence of the conjugate gradient method for such preconditioned positive definite symmetric systems.

In this talk we describe our recent approach which provides a preconditioned MINRES method with the same guarantees for real nonsymmetric Toeplitz systems regardless of the non-normality, and demonstrate the application of the approach for time-dependent PDE problems.

This is joint work with Jennifer Pestana (Strathclyde University) and Elle McDonald (Oxford University).

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Location: ESB 4133 (PIMS Lounge)