## Fluid Mechanics Seminar: Ali Roustaei

- Date: 03/17/2016
- Time: 16:30

University of British Columbia

Yield stress flows through non-uniform geometries: applications to oil/gas industry

We study a set of yield stress fluid flows in channels with geometric non-uniformities, motivated by theoretical aspects and industrial applications. Methodology is primarily computational and we try to analytically investigate as much as possible. Theoretical interest arises from the self-selection phenomenon, meaning that the original flow geometry is modified by the fluid itself. This occurs due to yield stress and is accomplished via stagnant zones of the fluid attached to the boundary of original geometry. Industrial motivations stem from oil/gas well construction operations: primary and squeeze cementing and hydraulic fracturing. In all we have drilling mud, cement or a gelled fluid which exhibit yield stress. Specifically, we model a washout along the well as a non-uniform channel and extensively study flows through it. This is an enlarged segment of the well where the wellbore is washed out or collapsed. The main industrial concern is the residual mud left in the washout after primary cementing which weakens the hydraulic sealing function of the cement. Self-selection has been analytically studied for duct flows [1,2], and not much in 2D flows. Chapter 2 is a study of self-selection in wavy walled channels as a model for smooth non-uniform channels. We find similar results to [1,2], however a complete understanding eludes us. Then we looks at the flow of Bingham fluid in fractures. We study the limits of validity of Darcy approach first and then focus at the minimal pressure drop required to mobilize the fluid in fracture. We demonstrate knowing self-selection properties can greatly improve approximations here. We also do a step by step investigation of the flows in washout, from Stokes to inertial and finally displacement flow. First we show self-selection in Stokes flow of washout and use it to estimate the residual fluid in the washout. Then we study the effects of inertia on it in, illustrating only finite amount of inertia would help in better displacement of the mud which is counter intuitive. Finally we show some preliminary study of the displacement flow and we report some interesting observations.

[1] P. Mosolov and V. Miasnikov. Variational methods in the theory of the fluidity of a viscous-plastic medium. Journal of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, 29(3):545577, Jan 1965.

[2] P. Mosolov and V. Miasnikov. On stagnant flow regions of a viscous-plastic medium in pipes. Journal of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, 30(4):841854, Jan 1966

Bio: Ali Roustaei is a PhD candidate in the Department of Mechanical Engineering. He started his PhD in Jan 2011 and will be defending his thesis in early April. He holds a batchelor and master of mechanical engineering from sharif university of technology, Iran.

Location: ESB 2012

Please note change in time, lecture begins at 4:30pm.