PIMS-VanBUG Seminar: Dr. Katherine Pollard
- Date: 09/13/2012
(UC San Francisco, http://docpollard.com/katie.html)
Quantifying taxonomic and functional diversity of metagenomes from next-generation sequencing data
Abstract:Analysis of shotgun sequenced environmental DNA, known as metagenomics, promises insight into the taxonomic and functional composition of microbial communities. To overcome challenges associated with the fragmentary, non-overlapping nature of metagenomic sequence data, we developed novel statistical phylogenetic methods for de novo identification of operational taxonomic units (OTUs) and operational protein families (OPFs). To test the performance of these and other metagenomics analysis tools, we developed read-based error detection methods and a simulation pipeline. Two key features of our approach are the use of probabilistic models of gene family evolution (e.g., profile hidden Markov models and stochastic context free grammars) and the generation of phylogenetic trees in which each leaf is a metagenomic sequencing read from a particular gene family. We applied our analysis tools to identify novel bacteria and to quantify the diversity of microbial communities from the world’s oceans and the human gut.
5:45 pm : Introductory Speaker: Luisa Chan, MSc candidate, Brinkman Lab, SFU, Whole-genome transcriptome analysis of 5’-triphosphate and 5’-monophosphate RNAs in Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain PAO1
6:00 pm : Main Speaker: Dr. Katherine Pollard, Quantifying taxonomic and functional diversity of metagenomes from next-generation sequencing data
Cedric Chauve (Mathematics, SFU)
The seminar will be held at the Gordon and Leslie Diamond Family Theatre at the BC Cancer Agency Research Center, 600 W 10th Ave., Vancouver.
Trainees are invited to meet with the VanBUG speaker for open discussion of both science and career paths. This takes place 4:30-5:30pm in either the Boardroom or Lunchroom on the ground floor of the BCCRC