## AMI-PIMS-GMU Seminar: Multiscale Dynamics and Information: From Random to Data Driven Dynamical Systems

- Date: 02/25/2010

University of Alberta

This talk outlines multiscale problems which combine techniques of model reduction and

filtering. Multiple time scales occur in models throughout the sciences and engineering, where

the rates of change of different variables differ by orders of magnitude. The basis of this work

is a collection of limit theories for stochastic processes which model dynamical systems with

multiple time scales.

The first objective of this talk is concerned with certain methods of dimensional reduction of

nonlinear systems with symmetries and small noise. In the presence of a separation of scales,

where the noise is asymptotically small, one exploits symmetries to use recent mathematical results

concerning stochastic averaging to find an appropriate lower-dimensional description of the

system. The unique features of the problem are interactions between bifurcations, resonances,

dissipation and random perturbations. Bifurcations are where small changes in a system result

in large changes in the structure of the fast orbits. The subtleties of the interaction between

these effects lead to new and novel analytical techniques. Hence, we are developing techniques

of stochastic dimensional reduction to find a simpler model which predicts or captures relevant

dynamics of the system. One of the preeminent modern frameworks for considering convergence

of the laws of Markov processes is that of the martingale problem, which we use in deriving the

coarse-grained dynamics.

State estimation of random dynamical systems with noisy observations has been an important

problem in many areas of science and engineering. Since the true state is usually hidden and

evolves according to its own dynamics, the objective is to get an optimal estimation of the

true state via noisy observations. The theory of filtering attempts to give a recursive procedure

for estimating an evolving signal or state from a noisy observation process. The second

objective of this talk is to develop, with mathematical rigor, a lower - dimensional nonlinear

filter by combining two ingredients, namely, stochastic dimensional reduction discussed above

and nonlinear filtering. We find a reduced nonlinear filtering problem when the system dimension

can be reduced via homogenization. We approximate the complex original nonlinear

filtering equations by simpler ones with a quantifiable error. This talk is focused on some of

the theoretical aspects that deal with reduced dimensional nonlinear filters. In particular, we

show how scaling interacts with filtering. Roughly speaking, we show the efficient utilisation of

the low-dimensional models of the signal and develop a low-dimensional filtering equation. We

achieve this through the framework of homogenisation theory which enables us to average out

the effects of the fast variables.

The authors would like to acknowledge the support of the AFOSR under grant number FA9550-

08-1-0206 and the National Science Foundation under grant numbers CNS 05-40237 and CMMI

07-58569. This is a joint work with Vishal Chikkerur, Nishanth Lingala, Kristjan Onu, Jun H.

Park, Peter W. Sauer, Richard B. Sowers and Hoong Chieh Yeong.

2:00pm, CAB 239.