Feature Selection through Lasso: model selection consistency and the BLasso algorithm
- Date: 11/20/2006
Bin Yu (University of California, Berkeley)
University of Washington
Information technology advances are making data collection possible in
most if not all fields of science and engineering and beyond.
Statistics as a scientific discipline is challenged and enriched by the
new opportunities resulted from these high-dimensional data sets. Often
data reduction or feature selection is the first step towards solving
these massive data problems. However, data reduction through model
selection or l_0 constrained least squares optimization leads to a
combinatorial search which is computationally infeasible for massive
data problems. A computationally efficient alternative is the l_1
constrained least squares optimization or Lasso optimization.
In this talk, we first study the model selection property of Lasso in
linear regression models. We show that an Irrepresentable Condition on
the design matrix is almost necessary and sufficient for the model
selection consistency of Lasso for fixed p and p >> n cases,
provided that the true model is sparse. Moreover, we describe the
Boosted Lasso (Blasso) algorithm which produces an approximation to the
complete regularization path of Lasso. Blasso consists of both a
forward step and a backward step. The forward step is similar to
Boosting and Forward Stagewise Fitting, but the backward step is new
and crucial for Blasso to approximate the Lasso path in all situations.
For cases with finite number of base learners, when the step size goes
to zero, the Blasso path is shown to converge to the Lasso path.
Finally, the Blasso algorithm is extended to give an approximate path
for the case of a convex loss function plus a convex penalty.
10th Anniversary Speaker Series 2006